I have annoyingly insufficient photograph material, and almost no information about Esch-sur-Sûre/Esch-Sauer, but I want to say something about it, as with its erection in 927, Esch Castle is in actual fact the first castle on the territory of the present Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (as we’ve seen in the previous publication, even the castle in Luxembourg City dates from AD 963.) The area was also obtained by a certain nobleman from the Abbey of Stavelot through an exchange treaty, and despite its present appearance and size, at that time it was a county with 19 villages in possession.


There are historical records from the 11th century about two brothers, members of the noble county family that possessed the castle – Gottfried and Heinrich of Esch, who participated in the preparation and accomplishment of the First Crusade. (And while I’m writing these lines, I’m realizing that in my mind, shaped aside from the great Western European History, the knights stand in some aspects next to some mythical creatures like the unicorns, for example, as if it is almost impossible to find any historical records about them, although they are real historical characters.) Gottfried, who lead a couple of diplomatic missions in order to ensure the free passing of the crusaders through particular territories, after the Crusade went back home, whereas Heinrich found his death in 1097 during the siege of a castle in Mesopotamia.

Burg Esch-sur-Sure (3)


The round tower was built as late as the 15th century, while the initial square one (that I’ve neglected to take a photograph of) dates from the 10th century.

The decline of the castle began in the middle of the 16th century and lasted to the 19th century.

Esch-sur-Sure Kirche

The church was renovated in 1906, but when it was built, by whom, and whose was the craftsmanship of the altar – I couldn’t find any information about it.

Esch-sur-Sure Kirche (2)

As if this is the most impressive eagle lectern that I’ve seen so far. The eagle is a symbol of the power of God’s Word, and the double-headed eagle is in its turn an ancient symbol of the Sun that originated in Mesopotamia 4000 years ago. Later it was appropriated by the Holy Roman Empire, Prussia, and Russia. In any case, the eagle is always associated with power, might, and domination. Here it is crowned and stands on the Globe.

Esch-sur-Sure Kirche (3).jpg

The decorations of the confessional.

And one last historical piece of information – in 1871, Victor Hugo visited this settlement too.

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