Bonn is famous not only for the fact that it was from 1949 to 1990 the seat of government and the capital of West Germany but also because it belongs to the group of the oldest cities in Germany, of which I’ve already shown Trier and Koblenz.
Due to my short visit, I can show only a little part of it.
So, the history of the city began in 12 B.C. with the building of a Roman military camp on the Rhine River. The city rights were granted in 1243.
I want to call your attention to the Bonn Minster/Bonner Münster – the head church of the city since the 11th century, dedicated to the Roman legionaries-martyrs of the Theban Legion Cassius and Florentius (the two sculpture heads in front of the Minster, work by a Turkish sculptor from 2002, depict their heads).
The Minster was erected on a site of a cult and necropolis from Roman times where had been found numerous altars of Mercurius Gebrinius, an analog of Mercury; and of the already mentioned (in the publication about Troisvierges) three Matrons, in that case, Matronae Aufaniae, a German-Celtic cult from 161 AD. In fact, it is assumed that it was Bonn, where the first temple in honor of that three particular goddesses was erected.
Not surprisingly, Pope Pious XII granted the temple the title Basilica minor in 1956.
The coat of arms of the Vatican over the main portal indicates its rank.
Of the numerous churches in Bonn, I will show only another one – Namen-Jesu-Kirche /Church of the Holy Name of Jesus, whose construction was initiated in 1686 by the Cologne Archbishop-elector Maximilian Henry of Bavaria and was completed in 1717.
The high altar dates from 1755, and the pulpit – from 1698.
The edifice of the Old Town Hall was built 1737-1780 in the Rococo style.
The edifice used from 1877 to 2008 as a Head Post Office is, in fact, a former living palace built 1751-1753 in the Rococo style.
Another thing that Bonn is famous for, is that it is a birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven (born 1770). His monument in front of the Post Office dates from 1845.