Since Aachen was the center of the Holy Roman Empire and was built as a ‘Roma secunda’, the Aachen Cathedral Treasury is the biggest and most important church treasury north of the Alps. It contains Roman works, as well as works from the Carolingian, Ottonian, Staufen, and Gothic times.
Of course, I will show you only part of them.
The entrance to the Treasury.
Statue of Charlemagne of oak wood, made presumably at the beginning of the 14th century.
A book cover from 1020 with goldsmithery and a Byzantine ivory relief.
A silver book cover, presumably from 1170.
The Proserpina sarcophagus depicting ‘the Rape of Persephone’ dates back to the 2nd century and was brought from Italy to Aachen by Charlemagne. It is assumed that Charlemagne was buried in it in AD 814, and there he had been lying interred from 814 to his canonization in 1165.
The chariot of Pluto, kidnapping Persephone, led by Hermes to the right.
The chariot of Demeter, drawn by dragons.
The prominent Bust of Charlemagne (presumably from 1349), containing the Charlemagne’s skullcap. It was a donation from Charles IV, and the crown was worn by him at his coronation.
The 15th-century Charlemagne’s Arm Reliquary containing elbow and radial bone from his right arm. It was donated by Louis XI of France in 1481.
Three-steepled Reliquary from the 14th century with Jesus, John the Baptist, and St. Stephen, containing particle of the sudarium, hairs of John the Baptist, and pieces of a rib of St. Stephen.
The Charlemagne Reliquary with statues of Charlemagne, Virgin Mary and St. Catherine shows a thigh-bone of Charlemagne.
The Aachen Altar from 1515/1520. It was made in Cologne by an unknown master, or by ‘the Master of the Aachen Altar’.
The Mass of Saint Gregory – a carved altar from 1525, crafted in Hildesheim.
Along the four great Aachen relics in the Marienschrein/Shrine of Mary in the choir of the cathedral, here stand the three little relics:
Reliquary for the belt of Christ.
Reliquary for the belt of Maria.
Reliquary for the cord from the Flagellation of Christ.
The Simeon’s Reliquary from 1330/40 with the scene of the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple. It contains numerous relics, among which the arm relic of St. Simeon.
The Flabellum – Disc reliquary from about 1340/50 with various relics and the main one in the middle – part of the sponge that was lifted to Christ during the Crucifixion.
The Aachen Cathedral is one of the oldest St. Mary’s churches north of the Alps.
Mary and child, about 1280. The 80-cm.-high statue is the biggest silver one from the Gothic times.
‘Madonna with the donator’ with a blue aquamarine on the chest, around 1350/60.
Standing Madonna, about 1320.
Holy Virgin and child, early 14th century.
Crown of Margaret of York from 1461 donated to the Aachen St. Mary’s Church by Margaret in 1475.
A cope buckle from the third quarter of the 14th century.
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