Koblenz is one of the oldest cities in Germany (but I’ve already shown the oldest one). It is assumed, though not historically proven, that it was founded in 9 B.C. by the Romans. From the Latin „Confluentes“ derives the name Koblenz, which means„merging rivers“. That refers to the strategic location of the town – it is built on the site where the Rhine and Moselle Rivers merge. That site is called today Deutsches Eck/German Corner.
The Basilica of St. Castor, near the Deutsches Eck is of great historical importance.
It is the oldest preserved church in the city, erected between 817 and 836, in the first place. And secondly, here were carried out the discussions about the division of the Frankish Kingdom in three parts between the grandsons of Charlemagne, respectively the sons of Louis the Pious (Koblenz was seized by the Franks in the 5th century). With the resulting Treaty of Verdun was symbolically set the start of the process of the founding of France, as part of the West Francia received by Charles the Bald; and of Germany, as part of the East Francia received by Loius the German. The part, received by Lothar I (the same emperor who died as a monk in Prüm), was located between the eastern and the western part. Today, it is the name of Lorraine, as part of Lotharii Regnum or the so-called ‘Middle Francia of Lothar’ that still reminds of this emperor, although it is said that his son Lothar II who inherited this land gave his name to it.
Its present appearance, the building obtained in the 12th and the 19th centuries. In 1991, Pope John Paul II granted the church the title Basilica minor.
The beautiful gardens around the building.
Three are the churches that shape the face of the old part of the city – St. Castor Church, Church of Our Lady and Church of St. Florian. All three are listed as UNESCO World Heritage.
The Church of Our Lady and St. Florian’s Church were built in the 12th century by Trier Archbishops (from 1018 to 1794 Koblenz was in possession of Trier).
The Church of Our Lady stands on the highest point in the historic city, the so-called Roman hill, which is assumed to have been a pagan sanctuary in Pre-Christian times (the same was established about the surroundings of St. Castor Church. The localization of the Christian churches is not random at all.)
The portal with the Baroque Mary from 1702.
The Church of St. Florian stands in Florian’s Market where at one time the center of the town was and thus, it is of great cultural and historical importance. In the photograph, there are two of altogether four historic buildings (including the church) that shape the place: to the left is the Bürresheimer Hof, a noble house from 1660; to the right – das Alte Kaufhaus – the old store and dance hall, a medieval edifice from 1425.
The history of St. Florian’s Church began as a chapel of the Frankish Royal Court. After the translation of the relics of Saint Florian in 938-948, it received its present name.
In 1160, Bernard of Clairvaux served a mass here. I’ve begun to associate Bernard only with churches dedicated to the Virgin Mary and yes, the situation here is not different since the initial chapel, that the story of the temple began with, was dedicated to Mary indeed.
Part of the Jesuit Square, another site in town. It was named after the Jesuits who took up in 1580 the monastery that was built in the 13th century by Cistercians. It obtained its present appearance in 1770.
Johannes Müller, a physiologist and researcher, lived during the 19th century and born in Koblenz, is photographed from the back.
The Schängel Fountain – symbol of the town from its more recent history.
Between 1794 and 1813, Koblenz belonged to France. And the children of mixed German-French origin, born at that time, were called this way. They were often named Jean, which the local people had difficulties to pronounce, so it became Schang and the diminutive Schängel. In fact, this term was used at first as an insult, but today, every resident of Koblenz calls himself with proud Schängel.
This is one good example of a deliberate twisting and forgetting of the history. And it is about events from 200 years ago at that. Then, what could we say about occurrences that had happened 2000 years ago?